We encourage proposals in the fields of, but not limited to, archaeology, literary studies, linguistics, art history, media studies, religious studies, cultural sciences, history of law and political science, dealing with all time periods. The conference will be held in English. Please indicate in your submission whether you would like to apply for a travel bursary.
Applicants will be selected and notified before the end of June. We invite papers of minutes dealing in all possible ways with the following questions: What exactly constitutes the authority of Classical Antiquity? Where, when and why has it gained, or lost, its legitimacy? What are the structures behind the formation of an authoritative canon?
Edited by Philip Hardie, Trinity College, Cambridge, Helen Moore, University of Oxford. Introduction: Literary careers – Classical models and their receptions. By Philip Hardie, Helen Moore. This is a wide-ranging collection of essays on ancient Roman literary careers and their reception in later European literature, with contributions by leading.
How do classical precedents function in historical and modern-day issues and mechanisms of power and legitimacy? There were many Greek philosophers, but three names tower above the rest: Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle. These have had a profound influence on Western society.
Greek mythology is the body of myths and legends belonging to the ancient Greeks concerning their gods and heroes, the nature of the world, and the origins and significance of their own cult and ritual practices. They were a part of religion in ancient Greece. Modern scholars refer to the myths and study them in an attempt to throw light on the religious and political institutions of Ancient Greece and its civilization, and to gain understanding of the nature of myth-making itself. Greek religion encompassed the collection of beliefs and rituals practiced in ancient Greece in the form of both popular public religion and cult practices.
These different groups varied enough for it to be possible to speak of Greek religions or "cults" in the plural, though most of them shared similarities. Also, the Greek religion extended out of Greece and out to neighbouring islands. Many Greek people recognized the major gods and goddesses: Zeus, Poseidon, Hades, Apollo, Artemis, Aphrodite, Ares, Dionysus, Hephaestus, Athena, Hermes, Demeter, Hestia and Hera; though philosophies such as Stoicism and some forms of Platonism used language that seems to posit a transcendent single deity. Different cities often worshipped the same deities, sometimes with epithets that distinguished them and specified their local nature.
The earliest surviving philosophy from ancient Greece dates back to the 6th century BC, when according to Aristotle Thales of Miletus was considered to have been the first Greek philosopher. The most famous and significant figures in classical Athenian philosophy, from the 5th to the 3rd centuries BC, are Socrates , his student Plato , and Aristotle , who studied at Plato's Academy before founding his own school, known as the Lyceum.
Later Greek schools of philosophy, including the Cynics , Stoics , and Epicureans , continued to be influential after the Roman annexation of Greece, and into the post-Classical world. Greek philosophy dealt with a wide variety of subjects, including political philosophy, ethics , metaphysics , ontology , and logic , as well as disciplines which are not today thought of as part of philosophy, such as biology and rhetoric.
The language of ancient Rome was Latin, a member of the Italic family of languages. The earliest surviving inscription in Latin comes from the 7th century BC, on a brooch from Palestrina. Latin from between this point and the early 1st century BC is known as Old Latin. Latin then evolved into Late Latin , in use during the late antique period. Late Latin survived long after the end of classical antiquity, and was finally replaced by written Romance languages around the 9th century AD. Along with literary forms of Latin, there existed various vernacular dialects, generally known as Vulgar Latin , in use throughout antiquity.
These are mainly preserved in sources such as graffiti and the Vindolanda tablets.
The earliest surviving Latin authors, writing in Old Latin, include the playwrights Plautus and Terence. Much of the best known and most highly thought of Latin literature comes from the classical period, with poets such as Virgil , Horace , and Ovid ; historians such as Julius Caesar and Tacitus ; orators such as Cicero ; and philosophers such as Seneca the Younger and Lucretius. Late Latin authors include many Christian writers such as Lactantius , Tertullian and Ambrose ; non-Christian authors, such as the historian Ammianus Marcellinus , are also preserved.
According to legend, the city of Rome was founded in BC;  in reality, there had been a settlement on the site since around BC, when the Palatine Hill was settled. This was the first time Roman citizenship was extended in this way. The classical languages of the Ancient Mediterranean world influenced every European language, imparting to each a learned vocabulary of international application. Thus, Latin grew from a highly developed cultural product of the Golden and Silver eras of Latin literature to become the international lingua franca in matters diplomatic, scientific, philosophic and religious, until the 17th century.
In the specialised science and technology vocabularies, the influence of Latin and Greek is notable. Ecclesiastical Latin , the Roman Catholic Church's official language, remains a living legacy of the classical world in the contemporary world. Latin had an impact far beyond the classical world.
It continued to be the pre-eminent language for serious writings in Europe long after the fall of the Roman empire.
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The legacy of the classical world is not confined to the influence of classical languages. The Roman empire was taken as a model by later European empires, such as the Spanish and British empires. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Study of the culture of mainly Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome.
This article is about the academic discipline.
For other uses, see Classics disambiguation. For literature from the ancient world in general, see Ancient literature. For exemplary or noteworthy books, see Classic book. For the art movement, see Classicism.
Further information: Philology. For the journal, see Classical Philology journal. Main article: Classical archaeology. Main article: Art history.
Main article: Ancient philosophy. Main article: Classical reception studies.
Main article: Ancient Greek literature. Main articles: Greek mythology and Religion in Ancient Greece. Main article: Ancient Greek philosophy. Main article: Latin. Main article: Latin literature. Main article: Timeline of ancient Rome. Classics portal. The Guardian. Retrieved The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology 2 ed.
Oxford University Press. Retrieved — via Oxford Reference. Balbo, Andrea Bryn Mawr Classical Review. Becker, Trudy Harrington The Classical Journal. Bulwer, John Cambridge, England. Cook, Stephen Eliot, T.
A range of post-antique responses to the ancient patterns is examined, from Dante to Wordsworth, and including Petrarch, Shakespeare, Milton, Marvell, Dryden and Goethe. These chapters pose the question of the continuing relevance of ancient career models as ideas of authorship change over the centuries, leading to varying engagements and disengagements with classical literary careers. The volume also considers other ways of concluding or extending a literary career, such as bookburning and figurative metempsychosis.
Literary careers: classical models and their receptions Philip Hardie and Helen Moore; 1. Some Virgilian unities Michael C. Putnam; 2.
There and back again: Horace's poetic career Stephen Harrison; 3. An elegist's career: from Cynthia to Cornelia S. Heyworth; 5. Persona and satiric career in Juvenal Catherine Keane; 6. Did Shakespeare have a literary career?